Ephesus is a Greek at first, but became a roman city in 133 BC. But the Ephesus are actually have surpassed ages started Neolithic Age, Bronze Age, Greek Migration Period, Archaic period, Classical Period, Roman period, Byzantin Era, and last but not least Turkish Era. Ephesus reach its peak on 1st and 2nd century AD with 400,000 inhabitants in 100 AD and became the largest city in Roman Asia. However, since the land gradually silt up, Malaria swamp grew up and the seaport was lost. On 263 AD, Germanic Goths took over Ephesus and it started losing its glory, as well as Roman Empire.
In 1860s, European archeologist found the ruins and began the excavation of the site. The Ephesus site that we saw today is only 15% of the overall Ephesus site in the past. Is a vast site and has three entrance gate.
Most of Ephesus ruins are still showing its original structure, stand tall and grandeur. Some of the prominent architecture include the main street where on both sides flanked by the classic roman pillar, the Library of Celcus, Temple of Artemis, Basilica of st. John, Temple of Hadrian, and Ephesos Amphitheatre. Following is each ruins step by step when i came from east entrance.
In case you wonder, the tour took place on 2013, May 28th. I do some digging on my photos on this trip and read some articles in the internet to remind and give some background about the places i visited in Ephesus. If you're interested in the Ephesus History, this, this, and this site are very well structured to educate us about Ephesus history.